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25 October 2021 |

  Laser

Laser is a type of motivated and energetic light that cannot be seen under normal circumstances in nature.

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Laser

Laser is a type of motivated and energetic light that cannot be seen under normal circumstances in nature, but it can be created with technology and special equipment. Laser is different from typical light and these features cause special capabilities and functions of laser. 
Laser is made of a certain wavelength therefore; it is called "Monochrome". Another difference of laser with typical light is in its energy that can even have a light several thousand times than energy. The third feature of laser is the low feature and accuracy of its light emission. These features caused many applications in the military industry, science and research as well as various medical branches, especially plastic surgery and skin. 
Laser function in medicine and skin diseases started about 40 years ago as research and has found a special place in the treatment of diseases with the advent of newer devices that are more effective and safe. 
The mechanism of light energy is absorbed to laser energy by the tissue molecules. As the sun gradually heats objects, laser radiation causes heating, warming and even destructing some sensitive tissue molecules.   Since laser has one wavelength, it only causes overheating and damaging of certain buildings, while increasing heat in neighboring buildings that are not sensitive is not too impressive. Therefore, by choosing the appropriate laser and by knowing the characteristics of tissue, the desired lesion can be destroyed while the least damage to its nearby areas.  
The use of laser in skin diseases and beauty
In general, laser functions can be categorized as follows:
1.    Treatment of vascular lesions and moles that    are usually bright or dark red. 
2.    Treatment of lentigines and colored pigment of the skin including skin moles and tattoos
3.    treatment and reduction of unwanted body hair
4.    Reduction of wrinkles, dimples and scars caused by certain skin diseases such as acne
5.    Treatment of some skin diseases such as warts, scars and itchy outstanding (colloidal), skin cracks due to pregnancy and obesity (striae) and wound healing and ...
6.    Sometimes laser can be used as a tool for cutting tissue like the same thing that scalpel does but it has no priority on scalpel with the difference that it causes less bleeding. 
Types of laser devices and their functions :
A.    For the treatment of vascular lesions including varicose veins of the skin (face, limbs and body), red vascular spots and vascular moles (Pyogenic granuloma) P.D.L lasers (Pulse Dye Laser) are more appropriate.
B.    For the treatment of and dark spots and moles (blue or brown birthmark), tattoos (blue, black, sometimes red), these lasers can be used. 
Q- Switch Ruby
Q- Switch Alexandrite
Q- Switch Nd- YAG
C.    For the treatment and reduction of unwanted hair, a variety of Nd- YAG, Diode, Alexandrite, Ruby lasers can be used. 
D.    To reduce wrinkles, the scars of acne and other diseases Erbium YAG and CO2 lasers can be used. CO2 laser slaters the skin more deeply and is more effective in reducing wrinkles but its complications such as scarring and dark spots are more common, thus Erbium YAGis more appropriate to reduce side effects. The result of these lasers is not one hundred percent, but is effective in the reduction of the depth of wrinkles and scars.
There are Different types of lasers in the treatment of various skin diseases, but  it should be noted that there are cheaper treatments so if other methods fail, we  can also try the laser results.

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