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26 January 2021 |

  Cloud forest tour and Badab-e Surt springs

Cloud forest is one of the oldest and most beautiful forests in Iran and is one of the most unique ecosystems of Iran with rare plant and animal species.


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 Cloud forest is one of the oldest and most beautiful forests in Iran and is one of the most unique ecosystems of Iran with rare plant and animal species. The forest is located about 50 km North-East of Shahroud in the Semnan province on the road of Shahroud to Azadshahr and in Golestan province in the village of cloud. It is famous to thus name because in most cases the space of the forest is surrounded by ocean of clouds. The clouds are so close to the trees in the forest it seems that the forest is riding on clouds and we can surf among the clouds. Many tourists believe that it is one of the most beautiful views of Iran’s nature.

Cloud forest is important to the world for three reasons:

First, it is part of Hyrcanian ancient forests and has rare medicinal herbs. Second, this area’s Two ecosystem is important in this area; it means the border between two ecosystems of the semi-desert and forest. In the forests of this region we can see coniferous trees besides broad-leaved trees which have influenced animal species. Third, regional geography is important which puts together the two regions of low and high; so that we can see the formation of ocean of clouds in the region which is a rare phenomenon in the world.

In addition to the natural beauty of the ocean clouds available, unparalleled characteristics such as different species of woody plants with very rare plant species such as beech, oak, alder, elm, wild cherry, mountain ash, yew, linden and the like have created the ability that these lands like a living museum are used to attract local and foreign tourists. Part of the foreign tourists in the region, are botanists that come to Iran to see rare plant species found in the forests of Hyrcanian. And second, are general tourists who often come from the Central Asian countries and the Middle East. Beautiful Cloud forest with good weather and 35 thousand hectares are along the lush forests of the north of the country. The forest, like a crown on high mountains is along the 4-thousand-meter peaks of Shahvar and shows off after passing through the gardens of Bastam.

High altitude of the forests from sea, the low temperature in hot season, and abundant springs and diverse forest cover are characteristics of the forest.

Cloud forest is located in a place that the thickness of the Alborz Mountains is reduced. Trapped clouds behind the wall are flowing from among the valleys to the south. So because of this almost from the afternoon until midnight by cooling of

air, it seems that the forest is mounted on the clouds. Adjacency of the area of low pressure and high pressure (Gorgan plain and the cloud) has caused whenever earth gains energy clouds move and seems that the clouds come from the sky to the earth. This event has changed the Cloud area and has given it a varying weather from around the Semnan. The forest dates back to Hyrcanian forests which are among the remains of Third Age of Geology. Proximity in the vicinity of the cloud villages, are located Shirin Abad and old-woman soil and are almost the border of Golestan and Semnan province. The existence of 85 species of woody plants with rare plant species such as elm, mountain ash, yew, etc. has changed Cloud forest to a natural museum. The special climate of the forest has grown different trees that some of these trees have crawled on earth with their own ways and created a pretty sight. Cloud forest has been identified as banks of medicinal herbs that every year invites enthusiasts and fans from around the world. In the southern part of the forest, i.e. the part that is closer to villages sparse vegetation cover is found. In depth of the forests there are steep hills which are entirely covered with tall trees. Urs is the most famous tree in the region. A tree with long roots which crawls on the ground. Primary areas of cloud forest are Golestani shepherd’s countryside. But in the depth of the forests there are no traces of human being. In previous years a plan is proposed from Ministry of Transportation to build a road from the Cloud village to Shirin Abad known as Cloud road and in some cases measures have been taken for the construction of the road which is faced with serious oppositions of lovers and experts of environment and natural resources, journalists and various media as well as members of Parliament, Department of Environment and Minister of Agriculture. Experts see this forest as earth protective layer and a shield for protection from the Cloud region. They believe that the construction of this road

will bring serious damages to beautiful Cloud forest and ecosystem of the region and can disappear this forest forever by preceding the construction of highways in the region which is undoubtedly one of the most unique and beautiful canvases of Iran. Also, apart from the Cloud road, a plan to improve the Cloud forest to protected area from Environmental Protection Agency of Iran is seriously following. 

 

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